Armenia or the Republic of Armenia is located in South Cauasus, on mostly mountainous terrain. With its highest point Mount Aragats (4090m) and lowest point valley of Debed River (400m) Armenia is lying at an average altitude of 1800 meters above sea level. Its neighboours are Georgia from the north, Azerbaijan from the north-east and south west, Iran from the south and Turkey from the west. The capital of Armenia is Yerevan, which suppose to be the oldest one in the world.
Armenia has a dry tropical climate. Clear sunny days are mostly dominant in a year. The summers are hot here, the temperature fluctuates between +22C to +36C. The winters are mainly cold, the average temperature is between -15C to -1C.
Population in Armenia is about 3.2 million 97.9 % of which are Armenians and 2.1% national minorities like Yezidis, Russians and others (general census 2011). As the first nation to adopt Christianity, major part of the population belongs to Armenian Apostolic Orthodox church. The head of the church is the Catholicos of All Armenians, whose residence is in Holy Echmiadzin.
The official language in RA is Armenian which is a separate branch of Indo-European language family. Armenian alphabet was developed by Mesrop Mashtots at 405 AD. Although the Armenian letters radically differ from others, Armenians usually use Latin-letters in public places as well. Besides most of the Armenians can easily communicate in Russian and English too.
The national currency of RA is “Dram” which was put into circulation in 1993. There are banknotes of 1000, 5000, 20000, 50000, 100000 Dram denomination and coins of 10, 50, 100, 200, 500 Dram denomination. Foreign currency can be exchanged in banks and currency exchange offices throughout the city.
Public transportation in Armenia is rather cheap. Metro, Buses and Minibuses are main means of transportation here and cost 100 AMD in the city. Taxis are also popular here and cost 100 up to 120 AMD per km with 600 AMD minimum fare.